“Swollen gums”: what is the cause and how to treat it?

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Believe that many of you readers must have experienced the problem of swollen gums quite a bit, but swollen gums What can be caused by When it is, how can you take care of it and alleviate the symptoms yourself? Let’s find out at the article from Hello Doctor.

"Swollen gums": what is the cause and how to treat it?

What causes swollen gums?

Many people may understand that swollen gums That is usually caused by brushing too hard. or that the gums are affected But in fact, swollen gums can occur for many different reasons, including โปรโมชั่น ufabet:


Gingivitis is when the gums become irritated and swollen. This is often one of the most popular gum health problems caused by poor oral hygiene. filled with plaque and various bacteria But because gingivitis is not a very serious symptom. Many people do not even notice or even realize that they have gingivitis. which if left for a long time There will be severe swollen gums. Or it can be so dangerous that it can lead to periodontal disease and tooth loss.

Causes of swollen gums

Even though it may sound unrelated. But pregnancy can actually cause swollen gums. Because while pregnant is when the body changes and increases in hormone levels rapidly. to increase the flow of blood in the gum area As a result, the gums become more irritated and cause swelling.

  • lack of vitamins

Vitamin deficiency is one of the causes of swollen gums. Especially the lack of B vitamins and vitamin C. Because it is an important vitamin that helps to repair and nourish the worn parts of teeth and gums. If the body lacks vitamin B or vitamin C It may have resulted in scurvy problems. and subsequent gum disease

  • infection

Maintaining good oral health is important. Because it will prevent and help reduce bacteria, fungi and dirt. Inside the mouth that may result in infection in the mouth These bacteria and fungi can cause problems such as tooth decay, swollen gums, gingivitis or periodontitis.

  • Improper tooth brushing

wrong brushing It’s not just about how you brush your teeth. But starting from choosing a toothbrush and toothpaste as well A suitable toothbrush should not be too hard. or so soft that it cannot be cleaned deeply Should choose a brush that is soft and good. Ideally, there should be a function for brushing or cleaning the tongue as well.

When brushing your teeth, you should exert just enough force. should not rush to brush And should not use too much force when brushing. Because it will cause irritation which will result in swollen gums or oral irritation.

How to take care of yourself when you have swollen gums?

swollen gums Even though it’s not a good sign of health. However, swollen gums can be easily treated and alleviated. without having to see a doctor as follows:

  • using saline 

Sucking in salt water or gargling with salt water can help reduce inflammation and soothe swollen gums by:

– Mix 1 teaspoon of salt water with 8 ounces of warm water. 

– Rinse your mouth for about 30 seconds. 

– Do this about 2-3 times a day.

  • Warm compresses and cold compresses

Warm and cold compresses can help reduce pain and swelling of the gums by:

– Soak a clean cloth or towel in warm water. then wring out the water

– Place a washcloth soaked in warm water on the cheek area where it meets the gum. Attach it for about 5 minutes.

– Then wrap the ice cubes with a clean towel or cloth. Then attach it to the cheek or match the gums.

– Do it alternately 2-3 times, do it for 2-3 consecutive days or until the swollen gums gradually improve.

  • use essential oils

Essential oils extracted from plants such as mint oil, tea tree oil, basil oil, in addition to helping to relieve fatigue. and then stress can help alleviate swollen gums as well as reducing microorganisms in the mouth which is one of the causes of swollen gums by

– Mix three drops of a plant-derived essential oil, such as sage, tea tree, thyme oil, with 8 ounces of warm water.

– Then rinse your mouth for 30 seconds and spit it out.

– Repeat twice a day until swollen gums improve.

  • Hydrogen peroxide

You can use hydrogen peroxide to relieve swelling, redness, and irritation from: Symptoms of swollen gums include:

– Mix 3 tablespoons of hydrogen peroxide with 3 tablespoons of clean water.

– Then rinse your mouth for 30 seconds and spit it out.

– Repeat 2-3 times a week.

How can we prevent swollen gums?

prevention of swollen gums That can be done simply is to keep clean inside the mouth as well. To prevent the accumulation of bacteria, fungi and microorganisms in the mouth which will result in deteriorating oral health using simple methods such as

  1. Brush your teeth at least 2-3 times a day or after every meal. 
  2. brush your teeth properly Choose the right brush, not too hard or too soft.
  3. Avoid eating tea or coffee frequently. Because it will cause limestone stains.
  4. Use mouthwash or dental floss to help remove dirt after brushing.
  5. eat healthy food If possible, sugar intake should be avoided in both food and drink.
  6. Visit the dentist at least once every 6 months.